Since the creation of the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1948 in Geneva, Switzerland, it has played a leading role in the eradication of smallpox and nowadays focuses on its current priorities, from communicable diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, Ebola and malaria, to non-communicable diseases.
WHO is a specialized U.N. agency responsible for making global health reports and surveys. It was established 68 years ago today.
The scope of its research includes topics like reproductive health, development, nutrition, healthy eating, occupational health and substance abuse.
On the basis of the organization’s establishment day, the assembly declared April 7 as World Health Day, in order to draw worldwide attention to the subject of global health each year.
This year, the organization is focusing mainly on diabetes, since it is rapidly increasing in numbers in many low and middle-income countries.
Simple lifestyle measures have been shown to be effective in preventing the onset of type II diabetes, including maintaining normal body weight, engaging in regular physical activity and eating healthy food. Diabetes can be kept in check to prevent complications through diagnosis and self-management education.
The main goals of World Health Day 2016 are to scale up prevention, strengthen care and enhance surveillance.
Another important health concern, however, is stress and how it affects the body. As seen through research in psychosomatic psychology and medicine, there is a really close line between mental and physical health.
Stress plays a crucial role not only for psychological pathologies but also for some body dysfunctions. It is at the basis of emotional sickness that, as a non-communicable disease, is strictly related, besides subjective predisposition and personality features, to daily experiences, fast-paced lifestyle, worries and work.
The infographic below shows in a short but effective way the types at greatest risk, with the related causes, risks and tips.
Cover credit: CWEB Health